AMERICAN TOAD

AMERICAN TOADAnaxyrus americanus

Conservation Status: Least Concern

Vulnerability-_Least Concern

CLASS

Amphibia

ORDER

Anura

FAMILY

Bufonidae

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General Characteristics

Color: 

Typically a shade of brown, color can change based on temperature, humidity and other factors

Size:

50-105 millimeters with females being larger

Average Lifespan: 

Up to 10 years 

Captive Lifespan:

Over 36 years 

Distribution:

Native from northeastern Canada and to the south as far as Texas

Habitat:

Forest, wetlands, shrublands and grasslands

Reproduction:

Mating: 

March-July

Gestation/Incubation:

2-14 days to hatch; 40-70 days until metamorphose

Litter/Clutch Size:

2-6 eggs

Mature: 

2-3 years

Diet:

Adults are considered carnivores while tadpoles are considered herbivores. Adults feed on insects and other invertebrates; tadpoles feed on algae. 

Behavior:

During the day, these toads hide under rocks and logs. American Toads are nocturnal and are more active during warm and humid nights.

Teaching Facts:

1. American toads are the most populated toad species in North America.

2. Contrary to popular belief, touching an American toad will not give a you warts.