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PEAFOWL

PEAFOWLPavo cristatus

Conservation Status: Low Risk / Least Concern

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CLASS

Aves

ORDER

Galliformes

FAMILY

Phasianidae

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General Characteristics

Color: 

Males have bright blue and green iridescent feathers; females have dull brown feathers; lusistic (all white) and pied (partially white) varieties are common.

Size:

48-inch wing span, 39 inches in length; males have a train that may be up to a 3 feet in length

Weight:

Males 9-13 lbs, females 6-9 lbs  

Average Lifespan: 

Up to 25 years

Captive Lifespan:

Up to 25 years

Distribution:

Native to deciduous tropical forest of India and Sri Lanka

Habitat:

In its native range, the Indian peafowl can typically be found inhabiting the undergrowth in open forest and woodland, usually near a river or stream. The Indian peafowl is also known to occur in farmland, villages, and increasingly, more urban areas.

Reproduction:

Mating: 

April to September

Gestation/Incubation:

incubated 28-30 days

Litter/Clutch Size:

5-7 eggs concealed on the ground

Mature: 

3 years

Diet:

Seeds, berries, grasses,  insects, and small animals

Behavior:

A diurnal social bird. Displaying males maintain a harem which they will vigorously defend within their display territory.  Harems remain together only a few days until mating finishes, at which time the female leaves to nest on her own.  Birds will forage as a group feeding in open fields and clearings.  Birds will sound a loud alarm should danger approach.

Teaching Facts:

1. The long eye-spot feathers of the male bird is called a train; it is not the animal’s tail.  The train is composed of up to 150 tail coverlet feathers.  The tail holds the train up while the animal displays. 

2. Females are called peahens, males are called peacocks, and young called peachicks.

3. Commonly kept on farms and residences around the world.