BLACK-TAILED PRAIRIE DOGCynomys ludovicianus
Conservation Status: Lower Risk / Near Threatened
Brown or reddish brown, whitish below
14.0 – 15.7 inches
Male 26.5 – 31.9 ounces; Female 24.3 – 28.9 ounces
8 years (females), 5 years (males)
Up to 11 years
Saskatchewan, Montana to eastern Nebraska, south to Mexico
Open, flat, and arid short-grass plains
Feburary – March
Weaned 37 – 51 days; Sexually 2 years
Live in family groups called coteries consisting of a single adult male, 2 – 3 adult females, and several nonbreeding yearlings and juveniles. Short torpor (1 – 3 days) in winter.
1. Although viewed as a pest by ranchers and farmers, wild ungulates prefer to graze at prairie dog towns because the plant productivity and quality is better.
2. 12 distinct calls.