DOMESTIC RABBITOryctolagus cuniculus
Conservation Status: Low Risk / Least Concern
Brown with light and black tips; tail white below
14 - 20 inches
3.3 - 6.6 lbs
8 - 10 years
Iberian Peninsula and northwest Africa. Introduced to Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and South America.
Well-drained areas where it is easy to dig dens such as riverbanks. Shows great adaptability in introduced areas.
5 – 6 young; has litter 5 – 7 times each year
Grasses, herbs, roots, bark, and cultivated plants
Highly social with groups of 1 – 4 males and 1 – 9 females. Dig complex burrows for protection against predators and for reproduction. Scent marking is common in social communication.
1. Rabbits are used for game animals, in laboratory research, and as pets.
2. Many introduced populations have reached pest proportions.