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DOMESTIC RABBIT

DOMESTIC RABBITOryctolagus cuniculus

Conservation Status: Low Risk / Least Concern

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CLASS

Mammalia

ORDER

Lagomorpha

FAMILY

Leporidae

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General Characteristics

Color: 

Brown with light and black tips; tail white below

Size:

14 - 20 inches

Weight:

3.3 - 6.6 lbs

Average Lifespan: 

1 years

Captive Lifespan:

8 - 10 years

Distribution:

Iberian Peninsula and northwest Africa. Introduced to Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and South America.

Habitat:

Well-drained areas where it is easy to dig dens such as riverbanks. Shows great adaptability in introduced areas.

Reproduction:

Mating: 

Year-round. Promiscuous.

Gestation/Incubation:

30 days

Litter/Clutch Size:

5 – 6 young; has litter 5 – 7 times each year

Mature: 

4-5 weeks

Diet:

Grasses, herbs, roots, bark, and cultivated plants

Behavior:

Highly social with groups of 1 – 4 males and 1 – 9 females. Dig complex burrows for protection against predators and for reproduction. Scent marking is common in social communication.

Teaching Facts:

1. Rabbits are used for game animals, in laboratory research, and as pets. 

2. Many introduced populations have reached pest proportions.