ZEBUBos taurus indicus
Conservation Status: Low Risk / Least Concern
Grayish white, though some may be black or red.
Up to 56" tall at shoulders depending on breed.
325-3,000 lb depending on breed
12 - 20 years
Domesticated worldwide; originally from India or Africa.
Once a year, not subject to any one season
1, sometimes 2
males in about two years, females in 8-10 months
Grasses, herbs, leaves, twigs, and bamboo shoots
Like most cattle, zebu are gregarious and diurnal. They are a herd dweller with a noticeable social structure. These humpbacked cattle survive easily in hot climates and are often bred with other cattle to produce hardier animals. Used as excellent draft animals, especially in front of a plow or cart.
1. The dewlap--the fold of skin hanging from the cattle’s neck may hang to the ground in some breeds.
2. In India, cows and zebus are sacred to the Hindu people of the area.
3. Heat tolerance and disease resistance are two reasons why this species is successful in hot and tropical climates.