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BONTEBOK

BONTEBOKDamaliscus pygargus dorcas

Conservation Status: Endangered

Hunting, killed as pests, habitat loss

statusbar_endangered copy

CLASS

Mammalia

ORDER

Artiodactyla

FAMILY

Bovidae

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General Characteristics:

Color: 

Dark brown coat, white belly and inside legs; white face patch and ears

Size:

Body length 4.6 – 5.3 feet; shoulder height 2.8 – 3.3 feet; tail 12 –18 inches; horns 14 –20 inches

Weight:

121-220lbs

Average Lifespan: 

17 years

Captive Lifespan:

Up to 23 years

Distribution:

Africa and Southwestern Cape

Habitat:

Grasslands of the high veld and coastal plains

Reproduction:

Mating: 

January – March. Polygynous.

Gestation/Incubation:

238 – 254 days

Litter/Clutch Size:

1 infant

Mature: 

Weaned after 4 months; sexually mature at 2.5 years

Diet:

Grazers

Behavior:

Males hold permanent territories of 10 – 69 acres. Mark territory with urine and dung.

Teaching Facts:

1. The population was reduced to 17 animals when the first bontebok national park was established in 1971.

2. During cold, dry season, herds of up to 650 animals will form.