BONTEBOKDamaliscus pygargus dorcas
Conservation Status: Endangered
Hunting, killed as pests, habitat loss
Dark brown coat, white belly and inside legs; white face patch and ears
Body length 4.6 – 5.3 feet; shoulder height 2.8 – 3.3 feet; tail 12 –18 inches; horns 14 –20 inches
Up to 23 years
Africa and Southwestern Cape
Grasslands of the high veld and coastal plains
January – March. Polygynous.
238 – 254 days
Weaned after 4 months; sexually mature at 2.5 years
Males hold permanent territories of 10 – 69 acres. Mark territory with urine and dung.
1. The population was reduced to 17 animals when the first bontebok national park was established in 1971.
2. During cold, dry season, herds of up to 650 animals will form.