ADDRA GAZELLEGazella dama
Conservation Status: Critically Endangered
They are threatened by habitat loss and are particularly impacted by loss of trees. Due to their size and coloring, they are also the most heavily targeted by humans for hunting. Reintroduction for these animals is difficult and has little success so far; however, they breed well in captivity, so proper preparation beforehand could make the repopulation of this species highly successful. Yet due to their breeding in captivity, the captive populations have been descended from too few individuals, so the Species Survival Plan has stated that their breeding must be carefully controlled.
Light reddish-brown coat. The face, bottom, and rump are white. White patch on the throat
Head and body length: 55 – 66 inches; shoulder height: 36-48 inches
Up to 19 years
Parts of Western Africa including Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan.
Arid areas with sparse vegetation including the Sahara Desert.
Polygamous; mate during 2 rainy seasons
5 - 6 months
Weaned at 4 months
Herbs, shrubs, and coarse desert grasses.
Occur singly or in small groups of 15 - 20
- Females isolate themselves from the herd before giving birth and remain solitary with her young immediately after birth.
- Males have little or no parental activity toward young.