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ADDRA GAZELLE

ADDRA GAZELLEGazella dama

Conservation Status: Critically Endangered

They are threatened by habitat loss and are particularly impacted by loss of trees. Due to their size and coloring, they are also the most heavily targeted by humans for hunting. Reintroduction for these animals is difficult and has little success so far; however, they breed well in captivity, so proper preparation beforehand could make the repopulation of this species highly successful. Yet due to their breeding in captivity, the captive populations have been descended from too few individuals, so the Species Survival Plan has stated that their breeding must be carefully controlled.

statusbar_criticallyendangered copy

CLASS

Mammalia

ORDER

Artiodactyl

FAMILY

Bovidae

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General Characteristics:

Color: 

Light reddish brown coat.  Face bottom, and rump are white.  White patch on throat

Size:

Head and body length 55 – 66 inches; shoulder height: 36-48 inches

Weight:

88-187 lbs

Average Lifespan: 

12 years

Captive Lifespan:

Up to 19 years

Distribution:

Parts of Western Africa including, Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan.

Habitat:

Arid areas with sparse vegetation including the Sahara Desert.

Reproduction:

Mating: 

Polygamous; mate during 2 rainy seasons

Gestation/Incubation:

5 - 6 months

Litter/Clutch Size:

1

Mature: 

Weaned at 4 months

Diet:

Herbs, shrubs, and coarse desert grasses.

Behavior:

Occur singly or in small groups of 15 - 20

Teaching Facts:

  1. Females isolate themselves from the herd before giving birth and remain solitary with her young immediately after birth.
  2. Males have little or no parental activity toward young.