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MEXICAN GRAY WOLF

MEXICAN GRAY WOLFCanis lupus baileyi

Conservation Status: Endangered

Part of the Species Survival Plan (SSP).

statusbar_endangered copy

CLASS

Mammalia

ORDER

Carnivora

FAMILY

Canidae

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General Characteristics

Color: 

Mix of buff, gray, red and black

Size:

4 ½ - 5 ½ ft snout to tail, 26 – 32 inches tall 

Weight:

60 – 80 lbs

Average Lifespan: 

5-6 years

Captive Lifespan:

15 years 

Distribution:

Once ranging from central Mexico to southwestern Texas, southern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona.

Habitat:

Mountain forests, grasslands and shrub lands.

Reproduction:

Mating: 

Mid February – mid March

Gestation/Incubation:

About 60 days

Litter/Clutch Size:

2-8 pups

Mature: 

1-3 years

Diet:

White-tailed deer, mule deer, elk and smaller mammals such as rabbits, ground squirrels and mice.

Behavior:

A pack averages 5-8 individuals.  Wolves use a sophisticated communication system consisting of vocalization, scent, and body posture.

Teaching Facts:

1. Of the five North American subspecies, the Mexican wolf is the smallest in size.

2. USFWS is currently reintroducing wolves in southwestern Arizona and New Mexico, there are appox. 42.

3. Our wolves are brothers, who were born at Binder Park Zoo in 2002.