Conservation Status: Low Risk / Least Concern
Males are black and white; females are gray - brown plumage.
5.7 - 9 feet tall
139 – 345 lbs
Up to 50 years
Africa, excluding tropical forest belt
Open woodlands, savanna, arid shrubland, desert, and grasslands
Varies regionally, often correlating with the rainy season
Males: 3-4 years; Females: 2 years
Graze on green grass and browses on shrubs, succulents, and seeds.
Diurnal, spends squattling on the ground. Very vigilant when feeding, continually raising its head to look around.
1. When running in alarm, it can reach speeds of 45 mph.
2. The territorial call of the male is a roar, resembling the roar of a lion.
3. The first female to lay eggs in a nest becomes the major hen of the male that owns the nest, she dominates all other hens.
4. Breeding success is low, with average of one chick per incubated nest surviving.