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BLUE POISON DART FROG

BLUE POISON DART FROGDendrobates azureus

Conservation Status: Low Risk / Least Concern

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CLASS

Amphibia

ORDER

Anura

FAMILY

Dendrobatidae

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General Characteristics

Color: 

Royal blue limbs with a sky blue background, peppered with both large and small black spots 

Size:

30-45 millimeters with females being larger

Weight:

3-5 grams

Average Lifespan: 

Up to 5 years 

Captive Lifespan:

Over 12 years 

Distribution:

Endemic to a small forest fragment within the Sipaliwini Protected Area, in the Gebroeders Mountain range of Suriname.

Habitat:

Tropical rainforest

Reproduction:

Mating: 

February- March

Gestation/Incubation:

14-18 days to hatch; 2-3 months until metamorphose

Litter/Clutch Size:

2-6 eggs

Mature: 

2 years

Diet:

Ants, mites, small beetles, small flies, springtails and tiny spiders.

Behavior:

Active in early mornings at first light and in late afternoon, particularly on rainy days.

Teaching Facts:

1. Their captive diet does not include invertebrates with toxic compounds, so the frogs have lost the poison in their skin.

2. When the eggs develop into tadpoles, both the male and female will carry the tadpoles on their backs to water pools within plants, such as bromeliads.

3. The female returns repeatedly to each tadpole and lays an unfertilized egg for the tadpole to eat.

4. The blue poison dart frog has four toes on each foot, with enlarged suction cup tips on each toe. In females these tips are rounded whereas in males they are heart-shaped.