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RED RIVER HOG

RED RIVER HOGPotamochoerus porcus

Conservation Status: Low Risk / Least Concern

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CLASS

Mammalia

ORDER

Artiodactyla

FAMILY

Suidae

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General Characteristics

Color: 

Shaggy red coat, black legs, contrasting black and white markings on head.  Leaf shaped ears with long black and white tassels. A tufted white stripe along the spine.  

Size:

Length 39-57 inches, height 20-30 inches, tail 12-18 inches

Weight:

110 to 250 pounds   

Average Lifespan:

15 years

Captive Lifespan:

20 years

Distribution:

Central to southern Africa

Habitat:

Wet forested areas, including lowland forests up to mountain forests

Reproduction:

Mating: 

Dec-Feb

Gestation/Incubation:

Approx. 4 months   

Litter/Clutch Size:

1-4

Mature: 

Weaned after 3-4 months; females sexually mature at 3 years

Diet:

Omnivorous: fruits, tubers, roots, berries, small mammals, small reptiles, birds, eggs, insects, carrion.

Behavior:

Nocturnal; rest during the day in a self excavated burrow. Have a large nose for rooting and digging.  Live in small troops of  4 up to 20; a male (boar), several females (sows) and their piglets.

Teaching Facts:

1. Have two razor sharp tusks that extend from their mouth used for cutting through woody roots and tubers.

2. Excellent sense of smell.

3. A group of red river hogs is called a “drift” or a “herd”.

4. Fast runners, good swimmers.